Greek: Pronunciation: Helpful Books for Greek;

Where is Greek Spoken?
Modern Greek (ELLHNAS) is spoken by approximately 10,000,000 people. It is the only official language in Greece (ELLADA) and its many islands, including Corfu (KERKYRA), Crete (KRHTH), and Rhodes (RODOS). Greek is also spoken by a large number of the inhabitants of Cyprus (KYPROS).

The Alphabet
There are 24 letters in the Greek alphabet. The Greek language does not use the same characters as English (although most of the English alphabet is dervived from the equivalent letters in Greek, which in turn was adapted from the Phoenician alphabet).

An accent mark is used over a letter to indicate which syllable is stressed in a word.

Consonants (and combinations)

B b


• like v in vine

G g


• before e or i - like y in yes
• otherwise - like g in green

GC  gc

• like nk in junk

GG  gg

• like ng in england

GK  gk

• beginning of a word - like g in go
• otherwise - like ng in england

GX  gx

• like nx in sphinx

D d


• like th in think

Z z


• like ds in pads

Q q


• like th in think

K k


• like c in cat

L l


• like l in lime

M m


• like m in man

MP  mp

• beginning of a word - like b in bone
• otherwise - like mb in timber

N n


• like n in note

NT  nt

• beginning of a word - like d in dome
• otherwise - like nd in ending

X x


• like x in box

P p


• like p in pine

R r


• like r in rust

S s V


• before b, g, d, z, m, n, r - like z in zoo
• otherwise - like s in set

T t


• like t in type

TZ  tz

• like j in jam

F f


• like f in flag

C c


• like ch in loch

Y y


• like ps in perhaps

Vowels (and combinations)

A a


• like a in father

AI  ai

• like e in net

AU  au

• either like af in after, or like av in avert

E e


• like e in net

EI  ei

• like ee in meet, but clipped short

EU  eu

• either like ef in clef, or like ev in event

I i


• like ee in meet, but clipped short

O o


• like o in bottle

OI  oi

• like ee in meet, but clipped short

OU  ou

• like oo in shoot

U u


• like oo in soon, but clipped short

UI  ui

• like wi in wing

H h


• like ai in wait

W w


• like o in wrote

SmartPhrase language pronunciation guide. Helping you to speak better Greek and talk with an accent the Greeks can understand. Explaining the pronunciation of individual letters: consonants and vowels. Pronouncing phonemes and diphthongs. Phonology, phonetics, and dialects of speech. Language pronunciation guide for spoken sounds, speech, talking.

Greek: Pronunciation
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